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 Forum index » House Training » Beginners Help ( Start Here)
Link(s) needed for bootup options [ SOLVED ]
Moderators: Flash, Ian, JohnMurga
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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Tue 22 Jun 2010, 19:26    Post subject:  Link(s) needed for bootup options [ SOLVED ]
Subject description: kernel (hd0,0)/.....vmlinuz :o.k. but after this: what means what and where to read
 

Hello everyone!
My full name is Karl Reimer Godt and this is my first post at www.murga-linux.com.
My first experiences with Linux are SuSE 6.2 6xCD and Debian 3.1 (1x9 GB DVD) several years ago.
I thought that I was a not so "new-be" but after established Internet Connection first at the beginning of this year I had to recognize that Linux<>Linux.
At LQ.org I was supposed to try Puppy Linux at April this year and I needed time to find out more about.
I downloaded (Puppy-, MacPup_Opera2-, MacPup_Foxy3-)4.3.1; LHPup normal and large 4.4.x, KDPup X.Y. Quirky 110 and found some older 4.2,4.1,3. versions on CD/DVD.

So I think that I have introduced myself a little.....
(I am not a programmer or IT-tech; I read and do a lot and (unfortunately) forget a lot (especially details).

I have to say that all linux have some flaws but the things that I need most are internet and printing and the "tiny" Puppy (4.3.1) can support both and I am thinking of sacrificing suse 9.2 5xCD/2DVD for not beeing able to connect to internet and setting up printing: first just nonstop paperflowing without printing and now totally responseless...

So I installed MacPup_Opera2-4.3.1 and this now is my /boot/grub/menu.lst:

Code:

# GRUB configuration file '/boot/grub/menu.lst'.
# generated by 'grubconfig'.  Sun May  9 00:00:55 2010
#
# The backup copy of the MBR for drive '/dev/sda' is
# here '/boot/grub/mbr.sda.31082'.  You can restore it like this.
# dd if=/boot/grub/mbr.sda.31082 of=/dev/sda bs=512 count=1
#
# Start GRUB global section
#timeout 30
color light-gray/blue black/light-gray
# End GRUB global section
# Linux bootable partition config begins
  title MacPup_Opera2 (root (hd0,0) on /dev/sda1)
  root (hd0,0)
  kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 ro vga=normal
 
  title MacPup_Opera2 (single init=/bin/bash)
  root (hd0,0)
  kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 rw single init=/bin/bash
# 970 possibilities :no halt/shutdown/reboot ;e3 editor   
# vga=low,high :ERROR 23; vga=791,0x31a :black screen without visible cursor;
# ro is the default
 
 title MacPup_Opera2 (1 init=/bin/bash)
  root (hd0,0)
  kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 rw 1 init=/bin/bash
# 1 like single; order init=/bin/bash 1      /bin/bash:1: No such file or directory      Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempt to kill init
 
# title MacPup_Opera2 (root (hd0,0) on /dev/hda1) Kernel panic - not syncing:VFS:Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0)
# root (hd0,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda1 ro vga=normal
 
# title MacPup_Opera2 (root (sd0,0) on /dev/sda1) Error 23:Error while parsing number
# root (sd0,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 ro vga=normal
 
# Linux bootable partition config ends
title Install GRUB to floppy disk (on /dev/fd0)
pause Insert a formatted floppy disk and press enter.
root (hd0,0)
setup (fd0)
pause Press enter to continue.
title Install GRUB to Linux partition (on /dev/sda1)
root (hd0,0)
setup (hd0,0)
pause Press enter to continue.
title -     For help press 'c', then type: 'help'
root (hd0)
title -     For usage examples, type: 'cat /boot/grub/usage.txt'
root (hd0)

title SUSE LINUX 9.2 (show dmesg log at boot up)
    kernel (hd1,0)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdb1 vga=0x31a selinux=0 resume=/dev/hdb2 desktop elevator=as showopts
    initrd (hd1,0)/boot/initrd

title SUSE LINUX 9.2 (single init=/bin/bash)
    kernel (hd1,0)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdb1 vga=0x31a selinux=0 resume=/dev/hdb2 single init=/bin/bash
    initrd (hd1,0)/boot/initrd

title SUSE LINUX 9.2 (splash screen,original)
    kernel (hd1,0)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdb1 vga=0x31a selinux=0 splash=silent resume=/dev/hdb2 desktop elevator=as showopts
    initrd (hd1,0)/boot/initrd
   
title Failsafe -- SUSE LINUX 9.2
    kernel (hd1,0)/boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hdb1 showopts ide=nodma apm=off acpi=off vga=normal noresume selinux=0 barrier=off nosmp noapic maxcpus=0  3
    initrd (hd1,0)/boot/initrd

title Memory Test
    kernel (hd1,0)/boot/memtest.bin

And these are older /boot/grub/menu.lst that I keep for reminding purposes:

# Modified by YaST2. Last modification on Sat Apr 3 22:36:02 CEST 2010
# default 0
# timeout 24
# gfxmenu (hd1,0)/boot/message

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows 1###
# title windowsV#cruchbang-failsafe
# rootnoverify (hd0,1)
# chainloader +1

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: failsafe###
# title Failsafe -- openSUSE 11.1
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27.7-9-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part1 showopts ide=nodma apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 x11failsafe vga=8
# initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.27.7-9-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows 2###
# title windows 2
# rootnoverify (hd0,2)
# chainloader +1

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: linux###
# title openSUSE 11.1
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27.7-9-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part1 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part4 splash=verbose showopts vga=8
# initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.27.7-9-default

###Don't change this comment - YaST2 identifier: Original name: windows 1###
# title !crunchbang#cruchbang-failsafe
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27.7-9-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part2 showopts ide=nodma apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 x11failsafe vga=8
# initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.27.7-9-default

# menu.lst - See: grub(Cool, info grub, update-grub(Cool
# grub-install(Cool, grub-floppy(Cool,
# grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
# and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

## default num
# Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
# the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
#
# You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
# is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
# WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
# array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
default 0

## timeout sec
# Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
# (normally the first entry defined).
timeout 24

## hiddenmenu
# Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
#hiddenmenu

# Pretty colours
#color cyan/blue white/blue

## password ['--md5'] passwd
# If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
# control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
# command 'lock'
# e.g. password topsecret
# password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
# password topsecret

#
# examples
#
# title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
# root (hd0,0)
# makeactive
# chainloader +1
#
# title Linux
# root (hd0,1)
# kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
#

#
# Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

## ## Start Default Options ##
## default kernel options
## default kernel options for automagic boot options
## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
# kopt=root=UUID=5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916 ro locale=de_DE

## default grub root device
## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
# groot=5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916

## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. alternative=true
## alternative=false
# alternative=true

## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
## e.g. lockalternative=true
## lockalternative=false
# lockalternative=false

## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
## alternatives
## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
# defoptions=quiet splash

## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
## e.g. lockold=false
## lockold=true
# lockold=false

## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenhopt=

## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
# xenkopt=console=tty0

## altoption boot targets option
## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
## altoptions=(recovery) single
# altoptions=(recovery mode) single

## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
## alternative kernel options
## e.g. howmany=all
## howmany=7
# howmany=all

## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
## e.g. memtest86=true
## memtest86=false
# memtest86=true

## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
## can be true or false
# updatedefaultentry=false

## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
## can be true or false
# savedefault=false

## ## End Default Options ##

### ueber macpup hierher kopiert
# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda2
# title Windows Vista/Longhorn (loader)
# root (hd0,1)
# savedefault
# makeactive
# chainloader +1

### ueber macpup herausgenommen
# title Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic
# uuid 5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916 ro locale=de_DE quiet splash
# initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic
# quiet

# title Ubuntu 8.10, kernel 2.6.27-7-generic (recovery mode)
# uuid 5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27-7-generic root=UUID=5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916 ro locale=de_DE single
# initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.27-7-generic

# title Ubuntu 8.10, memtest86+
# uuid 5242b6e1-6603-44a7-9a68-d033e8b64916
# kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
# quiet

### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

# This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
# ones.
# title Other operating systems:
# root

### ueber macpup herausgenommen
## This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
## on /dev/sda1
# title Windows Vista/Longhorn (loader)
# root (hd0,0)
# savedefault
# makeactive
# chainloader +1


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
# on /dev/sda2
# title Windows Vista/Longhorn (loader)
# root (hd0,1)
# savedefault
# makeactive
# chainloader +1


# This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for an existing
# linux installation on /dev/sdb1.
# title Failsafe -- openSUSE 11.1 (on /dev/sdb1)
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27.7-9-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part1 showopts ide=nodma apm=off noresume nosmp maxcpus=0 edd=off powersaved=off nohz=off highres=off processor.max_cstate=1 x11failsafe vga=8
# initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.27.7-9-default
# savedefault
# boot

### ueber macpup herausgenommen
## This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for an existing
## linux installation on /dev/sdb1.
# title openSUSE 11.1 (on /dev/sdb1)
# root (hd1,0)
# kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.27.7-9-default root=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part1 resume=/dev/disk/by-id/usb-SanDisk_U3_Cruzer_Micro_11013218EDD1BDC5-0:0-part4 splash=verbose showopts vga=8
# initrd /boot/initrd-2.6.27.7-9-default
# savedefault
# boot


And this is the LighthousePup Boot-Option menu:
Code:

 0cTo return to the previous screen, press the <F1> key.
0f                   Lighthouse Pup 4.43 Gu1

0a  Version Upgrade? Please backup your pup_save first: type 0clhp pfix=ram0a [Enter]

07Boot options, if needed: Type0c lhp07 then a space, then each option:

0cacpi=off07     Default on for PCs >2001, may give boot/shutdown probs.
0cloglevel=<n>07 Bootup messages for debugging. 3 is low, 7 is high verbosity.
0cpfix=ram07     Clean boot Puppy--ignore saved sessions,
0cpfix=<n>07     Number of saved sessions to ignore (multisession-CD),
0cpfix=nox07     Commandline only, do not start X,
0cpfix=copy07 or 0cc07  Copy pup_xxx.sfs to RAM (slower boot, faster running),
0cpfix=fsck07 or 0cf07  Do filesystem check on pup_save & all ext2/3 drives,
0cpfix=clean07   File cleanup (simulate version upgrade),
0cpfix=purge07   More radical file cleanup (to fix broken system),

Examples:
0clhp acpi=off pfix=207 Ignore ACPI, blacklist last 2 saved sessions.
0clhp pfix=ram,nox07    Clean boot, do not start X.

0b        Alternate Ways to Use This CD:07 e.g., Type 0ch07 or 0cmemtest
0cmemtest07      Run Memtest86+ diagnostic on system memory
0ch07 or 0clbn07     Boot from primary 0ch07ard disk, partition n=0-6 or f (floppy)


There is much more I would like to find out about (jwm high loadaverage<>e17 not; some keys not working; etc etc...
but printing o.k. and pupdial o.k. (very happy)

Where can I find hints to change vga=normal for example.
I tried vga=791, vga=high, vga=low, vga=0x31a and such ....

Any help much appreciated (very happy) Very Happy

Please excuse the [tag] things .... (I tried also [size=x-small])

Last edited by Karl Godt on Mon 30 Aug 2010, 16:52; edited 3 times in total
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8-bit


Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 3425
Location: Oregon

PostPosted: Wed 23 Jun 2010, 02:56    Post subject:  

If you are using a frugal install with grub, I have never had the install actually work without modification.
For a frugal install, try:

# Linux bootable partition config begins
title MacPup_Opera2 (root (hd0,0) on /dev/sda1)
root (hd0,0)
kernel /macpup/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 ro vga=normal psubdir=macpup
initrd /macpup/initrd.gz
#Linux configuration ends

This will boot a frugal install from a subdirectory called macpup with the directory containing vmlinux, initrd.gz, and the macpup sfs file.
The subdirectory entry is needed to tell grub where to look for files and also where to create the pupsave.2fs file.

Hope that helps.
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Mercedes350se

Joined: 16 Apr 2008
Posts: 744

PostPosted: Thu 24 Jun 2010, 04:02    Post subject:  

First of all: full or frugal install?

Second: What do you actually want to do - just boot Puppy, have the choice of booting Puppy or Suse ... ?

For what it is worth here is my menu.lst for a full install on a hard drive:

# Start GRUB global section
timeout 5
color light-gray/blue black/light-gray
# End GRUB global section
# Linux bootable partition config begins
title xxx Puppy
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/hda1 ro vga=normal
# Linux bootable partition config ends

All other lines in menu.lst have # in front. I left them simply because I "may" need them one day.

Note the xxx in title just hides my name.
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looseSCREWorTWO

Joined: 04 Feb 2010
Posts: 812
Location: Australia, 1999 Toshiba laptop, 512mb RAM, no HDD, 431 Retro & 421 Retro

PostPosted: Thu 24 Jun 2010, 05:45    Post subject:  

G'day and welcome to Puppy,
Here is some info that I found very helpful when I started with Puppy:
http://www.murga-linux.com/puppy/viewtopic.php?t=29356
http://www.murga-linux.com/puppy/viewtopic.php?t=42876

I have both Full and Frugal Installs of Puppy 431 Retro on my Pentium 4 Desktop PC (768mb RAM, 80gb HDD) and my Grub kernel line (for both Full and Frugal) has this in it:
nosmp

Many people with old computers like mine also need some of these things in the kernel line:
pci=noacpi
acpi=off
acpi=force
acpi=noirq
acpi=strict
pci=biosirq
pci=nosort
irqpoll
routeirq

Also, it would help to know:
- is your computer Pentium 2, 3, 4, Core Duo, Netbook, or what ?
- how much RAM and Linux-Swap do you have ?
- How big is the Hard Drive ?

_________________
Steve
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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Thu 24 Jun 2010, 11:50    Post subject: HARDWARE
Subject description: WYSIWYG
 

Thanks for giving me welcome!
Please apologize for the confusion that I created!

First: MacPup_Opera2 boots up without problems since I installed it one month ago. It is very robust (though I have to reboot twice after a freeze/hangup/crash to get my wireless USB mouse and 4-port-USB-hub recognized/working; PS/2 mouse is working though (but no wheel and only two buttons); P2/2 keyboard also always o.k.)

Second: I boot it up every day!
Third: Some things happen while customizing and I have to reboot or reset several times! (mostly while scrolling at geany/rox/*browser, closing tabs on and off line; xosview showes full CPU usage for 15 to 45 seconds, keyboard lights CapsLock+ScrollLock blinking like at kernel panic at boot up because of to little RAM)

Fourth: I got the message ext4fs unclean and has to be fixed.
Fifth: I wanted a choice to boot into a different runlevel/loglevel? for *mount and /sbin/fsck !

(edit: loglevel=6+7 : debug, > xwin : top: /bin/sh /usr/bin/xwin (witout ../PuppyPin) rxvt: runlevel 3 5
loglevel=5 : debug > xwin : top: with ../PuppyPin rxvt: runlevel 3 5
loglevel=4 : very little debug > xwin with ../e17
loglevel=0-3 : normal startup without debug > xwin with ../e17
CAUTION:
loglevel=-1 : also no debug > xwin ..../jwm Error message: Failed to create symlink /root/.icons/ROX
File exists (this may mean that the ROX theme already exists there,
but the mime-application postscript icon couldn`t be loaded for some
reason, or /root/.icon/ROX is a link to an invalid directory, try deleting it)[<OK]
.jwmrc=+jwmrc-tray: changed mime-type: Properties: application/ioctet-stream Not supported No run action defined Owner: read write Contents: data
so e17 /root/.e/e/themes/* has gone somehow)

Sixth: I got to "single user mode" by adding
Code:

title MacPup_Opera2 maintenance mode (for *mount and /sbin/fsck)
  root (hd0,0)
  kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 rw init=/bin/bash

today.
In that mode I have not automatically /*bin commands but all the other /*/(*)/*bin . (why?)

For
Code:
 
help (info) e3 cat find

etc I would like to have a high resolution for better overview !

Seventh: I got fs fixed:
Code:

Starting up ...
bash-3.00# /sbin/runlevel
unknown
bash-3.00# /sbin/fsck
fsck 1.41.9 (22-Aug-2009)
fsck: cannot check /dev/sdb1: fsck.reiserfs not found
e2fs_check_if_mount: Can`t check if filesystem is mounted due to missing mtab file while determining whether /dev/sda1 is mounted.
fsck.ext4: Device or resource busy while trying to open /dev/sda1
Filesystem mounted or opened exclusively by another program ?
bash-3.00# umount /dev/sda1
mount: no /proc/mounts
Error, do this: mount -t proc none /proc
umount : can`t umount /dev/sda1: Invalid argument
bash-3.00# mount -t proc none /proc
bash-3.00# umount /dev/sda1
umount: can`t umount /dev/sda1: Invalid argument
bash-3.00# mount -l
rootfs on / type rootfs (rw)
/dev/root on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,barrier=1,data=ordered)
none on /proc type proc (rw,relatime)
bash-3.00# umount /dev/root
bash-3.00# /sbin/fsck

... and it went with several (y)
and I am pleased with that!

Also for forgotten password:
Code:

bash-3.00# passwd
Changing password for root
New password: woofwoofwoof
Retype password: woofwoofwoof
Password for root changed by root
bash-3.00#

C+A+DEL for reboot, xwin: top: /bin/sh /usr/bin/xwin (=xwin fvwm* without .../PuppyPin)
rxvt: # runlevel
3 5
#

plogout > Exit to prompt
Code:

# runlevel
2 3
# logout

# login
puppypc login: root
Password: woofwoof
Login incorrect
puppypc login: root
Password: woofwoofwoof
#


Eighth: I use to install separately at the moment and connect the disks afterwards by changing /boot/grub/menu.lst root (hdx,y) and /etc/fstab, /etc/mtab /dev/*d*x et cetera
btw: Puppy uses a /etc/mtab -link but I am used to find /etc/mtab -files!
I guess Puppy uses a dynamic mtab writer ....?

Apropos hardware :
Code:

ata1.00: ATA-0: QUANTUM BIGFOOT_CY4320A, A03.0800, max MWDMA2
ata1.00: 8467200 sectors, multi 0: LBA
ata1.01: ATA-6: ST320410A, 3.34, max UDMA/100
ata1.01: 39102336 sectors, multi 0: LBA
ata1.00: configured for MWDMA2
ata1.01: configured for UDMA/33
ata1.00: configured for MWDMA2
ata1.01: configured for UDMA/33
ata1: EH complete
scsi 0:0:0:0: Direct-Access     ATA      QUANTUM BIGFOOT_ A03. PQ: 0 ANSI: 5
scsi 0:0:1:0: Direct-Access     ATA      ST320410A        3.34 PQ: 0 ANSI: 5
sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] 8467200 512-byte hardware sectors: (4.33 GB/4.03 GiB)
sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00
sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
 sda: sda1 sda2
sd 0:0:1:0: [sdb] 39102336 512-byte hardware sectors: (20.0 GB/18.6 GiB)
sd 0:0:1:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off
sd 0:0:1:0: [sdb] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00
sd 0:0:1:0: [sdb] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
 sdb:<5>sd 0:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI disk
 sdb1 sdb2
sd 0:0:1:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI disk
ata2.00: ATAPI: Compaq  CRD-8402B, 1.01, max MWDMA2
ata2.00: configured for MWDMA2
scsi 1:0:0:0: CD-ROM            COMPAQ   CD-ROM CRD-8402B 1.01 PQ: 0 ANSI: 5
sr0: scsi3-mmc drive: 48x/48x cd/rw xa/form2 cdda tray
Uniform CD-ROM driver Revision: 3.20
sr 1:0:0:0: Attached scsi CD-ROM sr0

Adding 240964k swap on /dev/sda2.  Priority:-1 extents:1 across:240964k

0MB HIGHMEM available.
319MB LOWMEM available.
Memory: 318936k/327616k available (3179k kernel code, 8168k reserved, 1231k data, 336k init, 0k highmem)
virtual kernel memory layout:
    fixmap  : 0xfff82000 - 0xfffff000   ( 500 kB)
    pkmap   : 0xff800000 - 0xffc00000   (4096 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xd47f0000 - 0xff7fe000   ( 688 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xd3ff0000   ( 319 MB)
      .init : 0xc0556000 - 0xc05aa000   ( 336 kB)
      .data : 0xc041ad14 - 0xc054ebe8   (1231 kB)
      .text : 0xc0100000 - 0xc041ad14   (3179 kB)
Checking if this processor honours the WP bit even in supervisor mode...Ok.

from /tmp/bootkernel.log or dmesg.

and
Code:

-Processor-
Name      : Pentium III (Coppermine)
Family, model, stepping      : 6, 8, 3 (Pentium III/Pentium III Xeon/Celeron)
Vendor      : Intel
-Configuration-
Cache Size      : 256kb
Frequency      : 651.38MHz
BogoMIPS      : 1302.76
Byte Order      : Little Endian
-Features-
FDIV Bug      : no
HLT Bug      : no
F00F Bug      : no
Coma Bug      : no
Has FPU      : yes
-Cache-
Cache information not available
-Capabilities-
fpu      : Floating Point Unit
vme      : Virtual 86 Mode Extension
de      : Debug Extensions - I/O breakpoints
pse      : Page Size Extensions (4MB pages)
tsc      : Time Stamp Counter and RDTSC instruction
msr      : Model Specific Registers
pae      : Physical Address Extensions
mce      : Machine Check Architeture
cx8      : CMPXCHG8 instruction
sep      : Fast System Call (SYSENTER/SYSEXIT)
mtrr      : Memory Type Range Registers
pge      : Page Global Enable
mca      : Machine Check Architecture
cmov      : Conditional Move instruction
pse36      : 36bit Page Size Extensions
mmx      : MMX technology
fxsr      : FXSAVE and FXRSTOR instructions
sse      : SSE instructions
up      : smp kernel running on up

from hardinfo_report.txt

top:
Code:

Mem: 240648K used, 78760K free, 0K shrd, 33668K buff, 86420K cached
CPU:  13% usr   5% sys  14% nic  66% idle   0% io   0% irq   0% sirq
Load average: 0.45 0.54 0.49 3/74 11297
  PID  PPID USER     STAT   VSZ %MEM CPU %CPU COMMAND
 6838  6830 root     R N   194m  62%   0  14% /usr/lib/seamonkey-1.1.18/seamonkey-bin
 3505  3502 root     R <  50136  16%   0   7% X :0 -mode 0x011A -shadow -mouse /dev/mouse,5 -fp /usr/share/X11/fonts/misc/,/usr/share/X11/fonts/TTF/,/usr/share/X11/fonts/Ty
 3515  3502 root     S    32664  10%   0   7% /usr/bin/enlightenment
 7170  4977 root     R N  13988   4%   0   1% Xdialog --center --wmclass pupdial --backtitle NOTICE: If the log shows a failure to connect, please click left button --title
11030  3515 root     R N   2916   1%   0   1% rxvt
15387  3515 root     S N  21720   7%   0   1% geany
 3552  3515 root     S     2036   1%   0   0% /bin/ash /sbin/pup_event_frontend_d
 4943     1 root     S N   3416   1%   0   0% xosview
11135 11031 root     R N   1764   1%   0   0% top
32598 31898 root     S N  34924  11%   0   0% hardinfo
 6037  5888 root     S N  21380   7%   0   0% gtkdialog3 --program=MAIN_DIALOG
 4151     1 root     S N  17960   6%   0   0% /usr/local/apps/ROX-Filer/ROX-Filer /
 4112  3515 root     S N  13636   4%   0   0% gexec
 3665  3515 root     S    11292   4%   0   0% absvolume -bg #000000
 3457     1 root     S     5080   2%   0   0% /usr/sbin/cupsd
 7166  4977 root     S N   4956   2%   0   0% wvdial isp1 pin isp1apn wireless
 4211  3515 root     S N   4492   1%   0   0% /usr/lib/enlightenment/utils/enlightenment_fm
 4172  3515 root     S N   3764   1%   0   0% /usr/lib/enlightenment/modules/temperature/linux-gnu-i686-ver-svn-02/tempget 0 (null) 128
11031 11030 root     S N   3096   1%   0   0% bash
 4063  4062 root     S N   3096   1%   0   0% bash
31898 31894 root     S N   3096   1%   0   0% bash
31894  3515 root     S N   2916   1%   0   0% rxvt
 4062  3515 root     S N   2784   1%   0   0% rxvt
 3290     1 root     S     2672   1%   0   0% /bin/sh /usr/bin/xwin
 5888  3515 root     S N   2612   1%   0   0% /bin/bash /usr/local/petget/pkg_chooser.sh
 3688     1 root     S     2536   1%   0   0% dbus-launch --exit-with-session /usr/bin/enlightenment
 4977  3515 root     S N   2508   1%   0   0% /bin/bash /usr/sbin/pupdial
 6830  6814 root     S N   2428   1%   0   0% /bin/sh /usr/lib/seamonkey-1.1.18/run-mozilla.sh /usr/lib/seamonkey-1.1.18/seamonkey-bin
 6814  3515 root     S N   2400   1%   0   0% /bin/sh /usr/bin/mozilla
 3502  3290 root     S     2224   1%   0   0% /usr/bin/xinit /root/.xinitrc -- -mode 0x011A -shadow -mouse /dev/mouse,5 -fp /usr/share/X11/fonts/misc/,/usr/share/X11/fonts/
 7183  7166 root     S N   2216   1%   0   0% /usr/sbin/pppd 460800 modem crtscts defaultroute usehostname -detach call wvdial user MYUSERNAME noipdefault usepeerdns idle 0
 3724     1 root     S     1904   1%   0   0% /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --fork --print-pid 5 --print-address 7 --session
 3291     1 root     S     1760   1%   0   0% /sbin/getty 38400 tty2
 3294     1 root     S     1760   1%   0   0% /sbin/getty 38400 tty3
    1     0 root     S     1756   1%   0   0% init       
 2548     1 root     S     1756   1%   0   0% klogd
 2545     1 root     S     1756   1%   0   0% syslogd -m 0
 1044     1 root     S <   1396   0%   0   0% /sbin/udevd --daemon


Quantum: Puppy 3,8 GB swap 200+ MB
Seagate: SuSE 17 GB swap 1,6+ GB

BUT PUPPY DESERVES A BETTER PALACE !
I`ll keep SuSE for kstars, man, apropos but for executing printing and surfing I am applying Puppy ( I am running it at the moment ...)
I managed to import xosview and xephem 3.5.2 to Puppys` place and it is running: xosview without problems (startup-entry, gexec working) and xephem from rxvt/gexec with a link to the shellscript and not to the binary.
freememapplet-1.2.2.-1 was the "bad guy" I installed together with firefox-2.0.0.7 and xterm-229-1.
So I did uninstall freememapplet that I downloaded from tu chemnitz.
For the moment I am customizing /root/.jwmrc ........

And Last: FULL-Install and I do not dare to save some -pup-save-files to some folders or LVM ("The Puppy ate my fedora" I read at Lq.org)

What I really would like is a complete list for the KERNEL BOOT UP OPTIONS !
If there are any..... (like vga=? or swapon -a)?
(btw: I really don`t know the /etc/fstab option entries like relatime,barrier either; but learning by doing!)
(rw must be readwrite but could also be used for recursivewildcard....) Wink
(edit: LINKforFSTAB+EN-Button)

Last edited by Karl Godt on Tue 29 Jun 2010, 07:28; edited 1 time in total
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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Fri 25 Jun 2010, 07:07    Post subject:  vga=ask debug very interesting kernel boot appendings
Subject description: there aren`t many sites that host fast information
 

HAPPY TO ANNOUNCE A SOLUTION FOR VGA :

WHILE GOOGLING/ASKING AROUND AT OPERA 10.10 THAT WAS FLAWLESSLY WORKING YESTERDAY AND EVEN THE MOUSECLICKS WORKING ON THE SUBMENUES
(FORMER I HAD TO PRESS ENTER FOR OPEN LINK IN NEW TAB OR ADD TO BOOKMARK OK)
I FOUND A PAGE AT O`REILLY.DE THAT SHOWED
Code:
vga=ask   vga=extended

FROM A BOOK CALLED RUNNING LINUX (edit: Puppy at live mode ate MacPup while fsck so similar : LINK )

vga=ask showed the menu I once was introduced to at KNOPPIX Live CD/DVD

and scan showed up also BIOS video modes. It looks like vga=normal is 0 F00 80x25 VGA and vga=extended 1 F01 80x50 VGA.
I tried also 6 (F07 80x60 VGA); but best was 164 (132x60 BIOS).
I also tried z (345 1600x1200x8) but vesa just gave blank screen without even blinking cursor but it booted into X e17 flawlessly!

But most happy I felt "King of the Day" yesterday by adding debug right out of the blue Very Happy

Code:

title MacPup_Opera2 maintenance mode (for *mount and /sbin/fsck)
  root (hd0,0)
  kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 rw vga=ask debug init=/bin/bash


that showed the bootup messages to find out where the boot process hangs for a while:
Code:

ata3.01: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.01: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
ata3.01: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.01: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
ata3.01: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.01: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
ata3.00: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.00: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
ata3.00: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.00: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
ata3.00: qc timeout (cmd 0xec)
ata3.00: failed to IDENTIFY (I/O error, err_mask=0x5)
md: Waiting for all devices to be available before autodetect
md: If you don't use raid, use raid=noautodetect

it is not long (perhaps one minute) so I think I don`t dive further into this.

But swapon=all, swapon -a, swapon=/dev/sdb2 and resume=/dev/sdb2 don`t funktion.
(edit: swapon::

This parameter enables usage of local swap partitions.
)

Last edited by Karl Godt on Sat 26 Jun 2010, 17:31; edited 1 time in total
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PANZERKOPF

Joined: 16 Dec 2009
Posts: 282
Location: Earth

PostPosted: Fri 25 Jun 2010, 16:58    Post subject: Re: HARDWARE
Subject description: WYSIWYG
 

Karl Godt wrote:

What I really would like is a complete list for the KERNEL BOOT UP OPTIONS !
If there are any..... (like vga=? or swapon -a)?

http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/gregkh/lkn/lkn_pdf/ch09.pdf

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SUUM CUIQUE.
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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Sat 26 Jun 2010, 18:09    Post subject:  

Thanks, PANZERKOPF !

VERY GOOD SUGGESSTION. ALREADY SAFED TO DISK!

I´ll look further into this when there is time enough....

Lord `s a warrior 2.Mose 15,3 ...?!
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PANZERKOPF

Joined: 16 Dec 2009
Posts: 282
Location: Earth

PostPosted: Sat 26 Jun 2010, 18:58    Post subject:  

Karl Godt wrote:
Thanks, PANZERKOPF !
VERY GOOD SUGGESSTION. ALREADY SAFED TO DISK!

You are welcome. Smile
Also know that there are two kinds of parameters(cheatcodes):
kernel and distro-specific.
For example, "acpi=force" or "vga=xxx" are kernel parameters and
"psubdir=xxx" is a distro-specific parameter.

Karl Godt wrote:
Lord `s a warrior 2.Mose 15,3 ...?!

Sorry, I cannot understand what you mean... Confused

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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Mon 30 Aug 2010, 16:51    Post subject:  

2 month gone now

I mark it as solved !

thanks muchly PANZERKOPF
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Karl Godt


Joined: 20 Jun 2010
Posts: 4208
Location: Kiel,Germany

PostPosted: Tue 28 Dec 2010, 15:05    Post subject:  

While experimenting with the compilation of a kernel I stumbled over
(Try "man bootparam" ) at i.e. Parallel printer support / CONFIG_PRINTER [ search '/' &| Help ]

and there really exists the manpage bootparam . They are resembling much the same >

http://linux.die.net/man/7/bootparam

http://www.icewalkers.com/Linux/ManPages/bootparam-7.html

http://je.je/cgi-bin/man/man2html?7+bootparam

http://manpages.ubuntu.com/manpages/maverick/man7/bootparam.7.html

http://linux.about.com/library/cmd/blcmdl7_bootparam.htm
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