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 Forum index » Taking the Puppy out for a walk » Suggestions
Stop using the GPL
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aaaaa


Joined: 22 May 2018
Posts: 28

PostPosted: Tue 25 Sep 2018, 11:04    Post subject:  

Linus' opinions are interesting.

Linus Torvalds says GPL was defining factor in Linux's success
https://www.cio.com/article/3112582/linux/linus-torvalds-says-gpl-was-defining-factor-in-linuxs-success.html

Linus Torvalds says GPL v3 violates everything that GPLv2 stood for
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaKIZ7gJlRUp

Linus says that GPL V3 is a neat licence but it violates everything that V2 stood for.

I guess it all comes down to philosophy and how you make a living
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jamesbond

Joined: 26 Feb 2007
Posts: 3179
Location: The Blue Marble

PostPosted: Tue 25 Sep 2018, 23:49    Post subject:  

woodenshoe-wi wrote:
Technosaurus posted the link in this thread, and I thought it was more concerning than the supposed problems with using the GPL license.


I know and I agree with you. I'm just saying that I don't understand how this particular situation can be used as an example that "GPL is bad" (so my post was directed to technosaurus, not you - that's why I quoted his post directly and not yours).

@musher0:
Quote:
It certainly is not GPL. but what type of license is that, anyway?
Looks like a custom license to me. That license is similar to BSD license, with additional stipulations.

Quote:
What recourse does Mr. Yakovenko have to enforce his authorship of DeadBeef
internationally? Is his country a member of an international convention on
copyright? Does Mr. Yakovenko have to have a lawyer on retainer or
something like that?


Certainly, Mr. Yakovenko needs to have a lawyer. Copyright violations are something you fight in court. If you have no means to engage a lawyer then just sit in the corner and suck your thumb. Seriously. There are tons of GPL violations - any Android device that doesn't supply the kernel source is in violation of the GPL - and have you heard a big lawsuit coming in about it recently?

aaaaa wrote:
I guess it all comes down to philosophy and how you make a living
How true. I cannot express it better myself.
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technosaurus


Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 4842
Location: Blue Springs, MO

PostPosted: Wed 26 Sep 2018, 01:37    Post subject:  

Here is the biggest problem with the GPL:
Code:
/*
                    GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
                       Version 3, 29 June 2007

 Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <https://fsf.org/>
 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

                            Preamble

  The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for
software and other kinds of works.

  The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed
to take away your freedom to share and change the works.  By contrast,
the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to
share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free
software for all its users.  We, the Free Software Foundation, use the
GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to
any other work released this way by its authors.  You can apply it to
your programs, too.

  When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
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have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you
want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new
free programs, and that you know you can do these things.

  To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you
these rights or asking you to surrender the rights.  Therefore, you have
certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if
you modify it: responsibilities to respect the freedom of others.

  For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
gratis or for a fee, you must pass on to the recipients the same
freedoms that you received.  You must make sure that they, too, receive
or can get the source code.  And you must show them these terms so they
know their rights.

  Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps:
(1) assert copyright on the software, and (2) offer you this License
giving you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify it.

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APPLICABLE LAW.  EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.  THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM
IS WITH YOU.  SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF
ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

  16. Limitation of Liability.

  IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS
THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY
GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD
PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS),
EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGES.

  17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.

  If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided
above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms,
reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates
an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the
Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a
copy of the Program in return for a fee.

                     END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

            How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

  If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

  To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

    <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
    Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>

    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

  If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short
notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

    <program>  Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>
    This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
    This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
    under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.

The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
parts of the General Public License.  Of course, your program's commands
might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".

  You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school,
if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary.
For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see
<https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

  The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program
into proprietary programs.  If your program is a subroutine library, you
may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with
the library.  If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General
Public License instead of this License.  But first, please read
<https://www.gnu.org/licenses/why-not-lgpl.html>.
*/
int main(int argc, char **argv){
    return 0;
}

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musher0

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PostPosted: Wed 26 Sep 2018, 04:09    Post subject:  

@technosaurus:
Funny guy! This would have done the trick too, you know!!! Laughing
https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.en.html

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musher0

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PostPosted: Wed 26 Sep 2018, 04:24    Post subject:  

A confusing clarification...
https://opensource.stackexchange.com/questions/1640/if-im-using-a-gpl-3-library-in-my-project-can-i-license-my-project-under-mit-l

(Edit, 10 minutes later:)
Confusion somewhat clarified:
https://www.zdnet.com/article/the-fall-of-gpl-and-the-rise-of-permissive-open-source-licenses

At least those two sources are not rants. The first one tries to provide a
how-to, and the 2nd one tries to provide a reasoned comparison of the
various licences, plus why a programmer should choose one.

BFN.

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woodenshoe-wi

Joined: 28 Jul 2017
Posts: 79
Location: Wisconsin

PostPosted: Wed 26 Sep 2018, 12:03    Post subject:  

jamesbond wrote:
woodenshoe-wi wrote:
Technosaurus posted the link in this thread, and I thought it was more concerning than the supposed problems with using the GPL license.


I know and I agree with you. I'm just saying that I don't understand how this particular situation can be used as an example that "GPL is bad" (so my post was directed to technosaurus, not you - that's why I quoted his post directly and not yours).


Aah, and I was even wondering how the /url tag got back in the quote when I was sure I deleted it. I guess I shouldn't be posting at almost 2:00 in the morning...

Back on subject, I think the concern related to the GPL that the article has is that the GPL 2 lacks a no-rescission clause and that is the reason that the disgruntled kernel developers can threaten to withdraw their submissions.

Even if there was no issue with rescinding permission, disgruntled developers might leave. And stranger still, what if the employer of a "blacklisted" developer doesn't fire them and they continue working on the project? Would there be patches that would be used in vendor kernels and distro kernels that would not be allowed in official vanilla kernels?

Regardless of the type of license used by a project, I think maintaining a civil tone on any official mailing lists or forums by having good moderators is probably as far as it should go. To me the idea of "blacklisting" people, potentially for their political views, is scary. Unless of course they are trying to submit code with legal strings attached. That could be a threat to the project and is serious.

Technosaurus must not read any End User License Agreements... Very Happy
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jamesbond

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PostPosted: Thu 27 Sep 2018, 02:46    Post subject:  

My counter-view of "GPLv3 is too long" is the story from Geoff Graham, who single-handedly built a single-chip Personal Computer that can output to VGA and TV and released it long before Raspberry Pi was even a gleam in Eben Upton's eyes (and it's open hardware too - you can build it yourself if you want, unlike the Pies. And yes you can do GPIOs with it too - just like the Pies).

He initially use GPL as his license of choice. Here is the link to the story: http://geoffg.net/OpenSource.html, and read what happened. While you're there, feel free to browse his sites for many interesting tidbits.

TL;DR He eventually dropped the GPL all right - but not because of it's not free enough, in fact, it's the other way around: after what he has experienced, he felt that the GPL, with all of its intricacies and special clauses, still didn't protect him enough. His (own) new license is something that is even stricter ("less free") than the GPL. In his situation, are we going to tell him to drop the GPL and go for BSD/MIT/WTFPL/etc instead? (this is rhetorical question and doesn't need an answer).

So, to re-iterate: when it comes to choosing licenses - to each his own. Choose carefully for one that suits needs and objectives; and make sure that you know what you get from the license you choose.

_______________________________

On the side topics:

Quote:
Regardless of the type of license used by a project, I think maintaining a civil tone on any official mailing lists or forums by having good moderators is probably as far as it should go.
Agreed.

Quote:
To me the idea of "blacklisting" people, potentially for their political views, is scary.
Welcome to the 21st century.
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woodenshoe-wi

Joined: 28 Jul 2017
Posts: 79
Location: Wisconsin

PostPosted: Thu 27 Sep 2018, 11:10    Post subject: Re: Stop using the GPL  

technosaurus wrote:
There are plenty of other arguments against the GPL including its extensive legalese, being "viral", the FSF itself and many others. Why do you use/avoid the GPL?

Code:
/* Alternatives
 * Use a permissive license (MIT, BSD, CC0, etc...) and trust in people.
 * Use LGPL v2.x with static linking exception and no later version clause
 */


On the subject of alternatives, I read the MIT and BSD licenses and they don't seem to have any requirement to distribute the source code.

For a project written in a scripting language that would not be a problem because there would be no way to "compile" the code and distribute an un-modifiable version.

Unlike musher0 I don't care about getting the credit and would rather remain pseudo anonymous than put my full legal name on a license. Especially since I don't have the money to pay lawyers to defend my copyright, and the FSF is probably only willing to defend GPL licenses in court.

If I had to pick a license for a script based project I would be more inclined towards the "Unlicense". https://choosealicense.com/licenses/unlicense/ Since it is basically public domain, it should have the best compatibility of all. Wink

If there was ever a problem that someone didn't want to contribute because of the license they could start working on it with whatever license they wanted. Very Happy
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technosaurus


Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 4842
Location: Blue Springs, MO

PostPosted: Thu 27 Sep 2018, 12:39    Post subject:  

If I had infinite time, I'd love to sit down and do a line by line analysis of the whole text, but that would be wasting a lot of time better spent on useful code. ... so I will just take a look at the "Evil" clause that allows for unilateral modification (like Facebook and MoviePass) and causes different versions to be incompatible if it is omitted (why samba and Linux cannot share code)
Quote:
14. Revised Versions of this License.

The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of
the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will
be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the
Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General
Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered
version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the
GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published
by the Free Software Foundation.

If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future
versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy's
public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you
to choose that version for the Program.

Later license versions may give you additional or different
permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any
author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a
later version.

and the equivalent section in gpl2
Quote:
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions
of the General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will
be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program
specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any
later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions
either of that version or of any later version published by the Free
Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of
this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software
Foundation.

Which is similar in GPL1 (section 7)

"similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns"
* "similar in spirit" isn't defined in section 0 (Definitions)
* "new problems or concerns" is the FSF problems/concerns - not yours

"Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions."
"additional or different permissions" is not restricted to the code, so the FSF could (for instance) decide to give permission to freely use any trademarks contained within the code... thus making it difficult for end users to distinguish between the original and a knock-off filled with malware, adware, crypto currency miners or data collection.
That is just an example; it could be more innocuous or way worse (I recall an EULA that transferred ownership of your immortal soul)

FWIW, I pointed out last year that the FSF hadn't even trademarked their name; thus leaving the whole GPL vulnerable to being taken over by one of the many Microsoft shell companies by simply renaming itself and grabbing the trademark. Imagine a GPL4 rewritten by Microsoft and the Chinese government. Thankfully they (the FSF) finally got a trademark in May of this year, so that's one less thing to worry about - that doesn't prevent bad actors from infiltrating the FSF board.

We need an MIT-style license for copyleft, something that makes aggregation into a combined work less complicated - not moreso. As it stands, the GPL has so much poorly written legalese that individuals mostly ignore it and thus corporations would have to audit the whole code base to ensure compliance, so most of them just avoid it even if they would have no issues with contributing their code (Lawyers are expensive)

for example, here is a modified version of the MIT license
Code:
/** MIT+
Copyright <YEAR> <COPYRIGHT HOLDER>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of
this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in
the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies
of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do
so, subject to the following conditions:

  * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
    all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
  * The complete corresponding source code is made freely available to all
    recipients and copyright holders of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR
COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/

Note the "copyright holders" addition. This basically makes it stronger copyleft than the AGPL, more inclusive than the LGPL and easier to understand than anything from the FSF.

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musher0

Joined: 04 Jan 2009
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PostPosted: Thu 27 Sep 2018, 14:47    Post subject:  

Hi.

This sub-topic may be related -- to a point:
(If not, Flash, please transfer this post where it belongs. TIA.)

The GPL and other licences having originated in the USA and having been
written according to US Law, how valid are they internationally? Are they
worth using by non-Americans?

I have read about a case in France where the Court there recognized that the
GPL text could be considered a French regulation (don't ask me how?!), and
the French Court accepted to hear the case.

In Canada? Blank. No idea. I think we never had such a case.

For example, a non-American programmer uses the GPL, the MIT or what-
ever. A problem pops up with the code in say, Canada, or Italy. Is then the
licence used by the programmer even worth the disk sector it resides on?

I'm thinking about myself of course, but surely many others are in this case.
PuppyLinux is of Australian origin, and many Australian programmers
contribute to it, as well as some Austrians, Germans, Finns, etc. etc.
All using American-based licences?

Could the national branches of major software companies be used to ignore
or go around the licences?

As a fictitious example: a national branch of Adobe (or whichever int'l
software company) could use licenced code from say, (as I said this is a
fictious example) fellow forum members vovchik (based in Austria, AFAIK),
or Smokey01 (an Australian), or pemasu (a Finlander), and laugh all the
way to the bank?

I mean they'd be saving a lot in programmers' honoraria / salary, using the
excuse that licence X is a US Contract of no value in another country.

Does anybody know how that works? TIA for any insight.

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technosaurus


Joined: 18 May 2008
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PostPosted: Fri 28 Sep 2018, 00:25    Post subject:  

musher0 wrote:
Does anybody know how that works? TIA for any insight.
That might work in Eritrea see:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_parties_to_international_copyright_agreements

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musher0

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PostPosted: Fri 28 Sep 2018, 02:27    Post subject:  

In San Marino too. Wink (Thanks for the ref.)
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chillinfart

Joined: 22 May 2006
Posts: 91

PostPosted: Fri 05 Oct 2018, 23:43    Post subject:  

Electronic voting will take here tomorrow and i was discussing the GPL dilemma due to secrecy of authorities about the software. They changed it to customized android forks, but no code is shown, even kernel, what violates GPL.

Then i found why GPL exists. When the case was released, devs excused the Apache preference by Google for Android, ignoring Linux kernel is GPL only license atm.

Is a matter of transparency, it says how open or not is a project. And this case is dark.

musher0 wrote:
Hi.

This sub-topic may be related -- to a point:
(If not, Flash, please transfer this post where it belongs. TIA.)

The GPL and other licences having originated in the USA and having been
written according to US Law, how valid are they internationally? Are they
worth using by non-Americans?

I have read about a case in France where the Court there recognized that the
GPL text could be considered a French regulation (don't ask me how?!), and
the French Court accepted to hear the case.

In Canada? Blank. No idea. I think we never had such a case.

For example, a non-American programmer uses the GPL, the MIT or what-
ever. A problem pops up with the code in say, Canada, or Italy. Is then the
licence used by the programmer even worth the disk sector it resides on?

I'm thinking about myself of course, but surely many others are in this case.
PuppyLinux is of Australian origin, and many Australian programmers
contribute to it, as well as some Austrians, Germans, Finns, etc. etc.
All using American-based licences?

Could the national branches of major software companies be used to ignore
or go around the licences?

As a fictitious example: a national branch of Adobe (or whichever int'l
software company) could use licenced code from say, (as I said this is a
fictious example) fellow forum members vovchik (based in Austria, AFAIK),
or Smokey01 (an Australian), or pemasu (a Finlander), and laugh all the
way to the bank?

I mean they'd be saving a lot in programmers' honoraria / salary, using the
excuse that licence X is a US Contract of no value in another country.

Does anybody know how that works? TIA for any insight.


According to one case (ScummVM vs Atari) and some legal analysis from my land, copyright laws can rule open source licenses too.

In the case with electronic voting described above, is the same situation than violating the EULA from M$ software. Even worse being a public state-wide event where this software is used.
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musher0

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PostPosted: Sat 06 Oct 2018, 01:08    Post subject:  

chillinfart wrote:
(...)
According to one case (ScummVM vs Atari) and some legal analysis from my land, copyright laws can rule open source licenses too.
(...)

Reassuring; good to know.
Thanks, chillinfart.

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nosystemdthanks

Joined: 03 May 2018
Posts: 378

PostPosted: Wed 14 Nov 2018, 11:08    Post subject:  

a few points--

1. it is shameful that anyone claiming to believe in "open source" thinks osi/open source would even exist without software under the gpl and the fsf to bootstrap it (i understand theyre trying to replace it all, but treating the gpl as some awful thing seems to forget that the gpl and fsf gave birth to open source-- even if its the bastard child.)

the gpl created your open source, in the same way that pagan beliefs created judaism and judaism created christianity. go back in time and delete the mean awful gpl, and the thing you believe in simply wont exist. not a call for respect, just for perspective, eh? its so "terrible" that it resulted in everything you care about.

2. despite not believeing in free software, and being one of the principal drivers of its rival, open source, linus torvalds says putting the kernel was one of the best decisions he ever made.

as a result-- the linux kernel benefits from contributions from everyone who redistributes the linux kernel with their own changes to it. without the gpl, that might well not happen. unlike with bsd, there is no movement to make the linux kernel permissively licensed.

3. musher-- you want credit for your one-liners because of the reasearch you did, but do your one-liners have footnotes that credit the places you learned the tricks from? again, not a call for change, just for perspective. one-liners are often not copyrightable. a collection of them could be.

good thing, too. otherwise someone could claim copyright on the line that mounts initrd in all distros or your puppy sfs, and then youd have to develop different tools as a workaround.

4. i happen to think the gpl is too tedious for use with small enough programs. so does the fsf, actually. we might have different ideas about what constitutes a small program-- i public domain code that has > 1000 lines. i consider that a small program.

5. the link someone provided which was asked what this has to do with the gpl--

gpl 2 (the linux kernel license) doesnt have a clause that prevents the user from rescinding the license.

this means you could spend a year or two building a puppy derivative, only to have the author of some of the gpl 2 licensed code revoke your right to redistribute it. some people are threatening to do so under certain circumstances.

6. if linus hadnt made a fuss about tivoisation and the inability to incorporate proprietary code, the same benefits he enjoys with contributions back (the ones he is happy he chose gpl for) might go even farther, and we all might enjoy that.

instead, he championed the gpl 2 and encouraged everyone to reject the gpl 3, meaning that now we have this situation where you can lose the legal right to redistribute puppy if some author of gpl2 code revokes your right to redistribute the kernel with their contributions.

the good news is, they probably dont have the legal power to go after you for it-- so they would sooner go after the linux kernel developers themselves.

the bad news is-- this means that microsoft could go after anyone who incorporates microsoft-authored gpl 2 licensed code in the future, if they simply rescind the license to their code.

in other words-- microsoft could rescind their (very few) gpl 2 contributions to the kernel, and after that treat the distribution of any distro that uses an older kernel as "pirated software."

the gpl 2 needs to be retired now. gpl 3 has a clause that prevents this nonsense.

obviously, you cant retire gpl 2 code unless each author rereleases under gpl 3, or unless they had taken the advice of saying "gpl 2 or later."

which means that any monopoly that contributes code that is incorporated into the linux kernel could hold it hostage later on. source-based distros are unaffected, binary distros could be forced by court order to take older versions offline.

that probably wont happen. its a huge vulnerability though-- one that can be addressed by having an implied non-revocation clause in the gpl 2 interpreted by a court case, or by not using gpl 2 and upgrading to 3 wherever possible.

the vulnerability may not be exploited-- but some authors are already threatening to.

this also means that people can stack requirements onto gpl 2 by threatening to revoke it otherwise. which the gpl 2 explicitly forbids, but then fails via this giant loophole.

7. personal note: i use cc0 for almost everything, and like gpl3, it has a non-revoking clause so i cant hold my code hostage this way.

but cc0 is not the thing you want to use, if credit/attribution is important to you. you should probably use apache 2 (permissive) or gpl 3 (copyleft.)

8. if you dont like the gpl, it is easy to avoid-- just dont use any software written by authors who want you to not make proprietary derivatives of their software. that means saying goodbye to the linux kernel and hello to bsd. its a very nice os, and we will miss you. linus will miss you. the fsf may miss you. rms will probably not.

but without the gpl, your linux kernel would be lower quality and have far fewer contributions. something worth considering.

9. finally, im against the contributor covenant. its a fascist solution to a real problem-- and im not in favour of the problem, im against fascism as a solution.

that doesnt change the fact that the method contributors have chosen to fight this reveals a giant problem with with gpl 2 itself. creative commons fixed this in all of their licenses pretty much from day one-- because they know youre not really free to use the code for any purpose, if the right can be revoked at any time for any reason.

this is the best reason to upgrade to gpl 3 that ive ever heard, and there are a few.

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